Once critically endangered, now upgraded to the IUCN Red List category of Least Concern.
Previously known in the N. Atlantic and adjacent Arctic as the Greenland Right Whale. However, the common name Bowhead Whale is now generally used for the species. The global population appears to be increasing and current assessments suggest that this stock has recovered to close to its pre-whaling level.
Entanglement in lobster trap lines continue to pose a threat.