Critically Endangered, possibly Extinct
Campephilus imperialis was distributed throughout the Sierra Madre of Mexico. It was not rare within suitable habitat, but the total population probably never numbered more than 8,000. Extensive habitat destruction and fragmentation combined with hunting may have driven the species to extinction.
56-60 cm. Enormous, stunning black-and-white woodpecker, huge ivory bill. Male has red crest (centred black) and nape.